welkait amhara or tigray A woman stands in a metal sheet room that was damaged by shelling in Humera town, Tigray region, Ethiopia, on November 22, 2020. The Welkait committee says community members identify themselves as Tigray Regional State, North West Ethiopia. You must have heard the allegation that ‘Tigray annexed Amhara lands’. Amhara Afar NW. e. Recently, a Tigrayan youth movement called Fenkilhas organised protests in Tigray, including around Welkait woreda. In 1976, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) that is currently ruling Ethiopia crafted its Greater Tigray Manifesto. They were forced to relinquish authority in 1991 after a Tigray Peoples Liberation Front-led alliance seized control of the country and reconfigured it into nine semi-autonomous states. The midnight of November 3-4, 2020 witnessed the unleashing of the armed conflict in the Tigray region of Ethiopia in the Horn of Africa. Welkait people opposed TPLF incursion into their territory from the get-go as they believed a liberation front for Tigray has no business on Amhara land. Tigray's official language is Tigrinya. Amhara] militia fighters. Much of the current West Tigray and North West Tigray zones (Welkait, Humera, Tsegede, and Tselemte) and some parts of South Tigray (Raya Azebo) were apportioned from the former provinces of Gondar and Wollo, which were mainly inhabited by Amharas. The plan was later dropped but protests continued, highlighting issues such as marginalization and human rights. 37 This has unsettled the carefully constructed settlement of the TPLF-dominated regime. In portraying Tigray as taking lands from Eritrea and from Amhara, Isaias presents Tigray as unfairly annexing territory. The Amhara regional state and the Amhara elite are in this war for mainly two reasons: The first entails what they call a territorial claim to areas in the Western and Southern Tigray, namely At the root of the recent demonstrations is a request by representatives from the Welkait community – known as the Welkait Amhara Identity Committee – that their land, which is currently administered by the Tigray regional state, be moved into neighbouring Amhara region. S. To give a concrete example, the areas now referred to as Western Tigray and from which people of Tigrean origin have been displaced are called Welkait, Raya, Humera, Dansha and Mai Kadra, etc. The same source further indicated that the protests are motivated by longstanding grievances around Amhara access to economic and political power in Ethiopia (ibid. Yared, the land of the First Hijra, the many archeological sites and monasteries, the vast Ge’ez literature, and the battle of Adwa, to name some. Amhara, people of the Ethiopian central highlands and one of the major ethnolinguistic groups in Ethiopia. Before November 2020, in Tigray only few fatal clashes had been recorded, largely between Tigray region police and the residents of disputed areas with the bordering Amhara region such as Welkait and Raya, or between Ethiopian troops and Eritrean forces or (then)Eritrea-based Ethiopian armed opposition groups. To give a concrete example, the areas now referred to as Western Tigray and from which people of Tigrean origin have been displaced are called Welkait, Raya, Humera, Dansha and Mai Kadra, etc. gl/H8l7sb Notice how the lands to the west of the River Tekeze is part of the Itaian Amhara province. In that residential compound, two women and an elderly man were Communications blackouts have made verifying information during three weeks of fighting difficult. He was saved by the people of Gondar who managed to stop the assassination, and the assassins themselves were killed in the shootout. The Amhara landing grabbing Elites are trying to annex lands belonging to #Tigray. He repeatedly said with an insolent voice, “I am speaking right now about Qimant, Welkait is in the Tigray region, and Welkait has no connection with the Amhara region. Ethiopian federal troops are closing in on Tigray's capital of Mekelle, Redwan Hussein, the government spokesperson for the state of emergency task force, told CNN on Wednesday. Lake Tana Sites by causes of displacement I Conflict 7 Climate induced IDPs in assessed woredas 81 - 500 501 - 2,500 2,501 0 Views. The TPLF led regime who took an “anti Amhara” ideology to the bush in 1976, have been targeting Ethnic Amharas of Ethiopia long before they came to power in May of 1991. The strongest resentment to the redrawing of regional boundaries to incorporate the area into Tigray region seemed to come The Amhara have held Welkait since the conflict broke out in Tigray in November, as they have Raya, another region disputed by the Amhara and the Tigray. The people in Welkait and Raya are Amhara people who have historically spoken Amharic, are culturally Amharas, and thus identify themselves as Amharas. TPLF will pay for it in its worst form. To mention but a few of the methods the regime is employing to conduct Amhara genocide involves deployment of military forces to kill ethnic Amharas, intentional reduction of federal budget to Amhara AMHARA SNNPR TIGRAY GAMBELLA BENSHANGUL GUMZ DIRE DAWA ADDIS ABABA Note: The newly created woredas boundaries in this region are not available in our Geodatabase; hence their figures are combined with their mother woredas. This led to fears Oromo farmers will lose their land and displaced. These disputed pockets include Welkait-Tegede and parts of Raya. It is in this process that the four weredas – namely: kefeta humera, wolqait, tedege, and tselemet, which were part of Gondar province – became part of Tigray state. government report” documents a “systematic campaign of ethnic cleansing” in Western Tigray by “Ethiopian officials and allied [i. 86%), <i>Amblyomma gemma</i On Nov. Why Tigray is taking Amharaland. " People questioning whether Welkait should be in Tigray or rather part of Amhara Region were incarcerated, tortured or killed. Tigray is the 5th largest by area, the 5th most populous, and the 5th most densely populated of the 10 Regional States. They are killing and harassing people into fleeing to inner #Tigray. The Amhara inhabit much of present-day Ethiopia and have long dominated the history of the region. Tigray’s security forces violently suppressed demonstrations. One of the two parts with an Amhara majority went to the new Amhara Region, the other (which kept the old name) had a majority of Tigrayans and was allocated within the Tigray Region. The Amhara, one of Ethiopia’s two biggest ethnic groups, claim the disputed territory falls under their jurisdiction. Raya is the homeland of another TPLF defector, Zadig Abraha. Tigray is the 5th largest by area, the 5th most populous, and the 5th most densely populated of the 10 Regional States. The administrative center of Welkait is Addi Remets; other The Amhara Association March 2, 2021. Using the Abiy government and the Ethiopian army, the Amhara elites want to recover from Tigray the land they claim belongs to them and to demolish Tigrayan power in order to dominate the empire. and they were part of provinces called Wello and Bagemeder. Tigray is the homeland of the Tigrayan, Irob and Kunama peoples. Eversince 1991 when the Tigray People Liberation Front (TPLF) regime came to dictatorial power in Ethiopia, state-sponsored systematic genocide of Amhara people is continuing to take place using brutal military forces. Tigray Regional State, North West Ethiopia. and they were part of provinces called Wello and Bagemeder. Dr Tronvoll: The question to establish special zones or woredas in Tigray, should of course follow the prescribed constitutional procedures. Its capital and largest city is Mekelle. Abiy Determined | Tigray announces Amhara state | Abel Birhanu The 2016 Oromo protests was a civil unrest and protests that erupted on August 5, 2016 in every locales of Ethiopia. In the western part of Tigray, where half of the internally displaced people have fled from, the assault by Amhara militias is more systematic: massive ethnic cleansing accompanied with the expropriation of homes, farm plots, harvests and livestock, with the explicit intention of settling the land with Amhara peasants. Tigray is also known as Region 1 according to the federal constitution. He accused Amhara of exploiting Tigray’s weakness to annex territory. 12 The TPLF had limited reach beyond Tigray and little profile or legitimacy among Ethiopia’s two largest ethnic groups—the Oromo and Amhara—which together represented (and continue to At the root of the recent demonstrations is a request by representatives from the Welkait community – known as the Welkait Amhara Identity Committee – that their land, which is currently administered by the Tigray regional state, be moved into neighbouring Amhara region. The Welkait committee says community members identify themselves as ethnic Amharas and say they no longer want to be ruled by Tigrayans. TPLF came out with ethnics regions. It is in its own region right now. Abiy, winner of the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize, leaned on forces from Amhara to secure western and southern Tigray once the TPLF retreated from those areas, and Amhara officials set up transitional In western Tigray, ethnic fighters from Amhara, a region with a long rivalry with Tigray, flooded in, quickly helping Mr Ahmed to capture the area. Before November 2020, in Tigray only few fatal clashes had been recorded, largely between Tigray region police and the residents of disputed areas with the bordering Amhara region such as Welkait and Raya, or between Ethiopian troops and Eritrean forces or (then)Eritrea-based Ethiopian armed opposition groups. Meaning, Wolqait is the lifeline of Tigray. The following … The Amhara, who regularly complain of discrimination, have been angered by the government’s decision to place a local district under the administration of the neighbouring Tigray region. The Welkait committee says community members identify themselves as ethnic Amharas and say they no longer want to be ruled by Tigrayans. The woreda is bordered to the north by Kafta Humera and to the south by Tsegede; these are the other two woredas of Mi'irabawi Zone in Tigray. Using its state power, TPLF declared the Welkait Amhara people have "Tigray" identity and forced them to be administered under the Tigray Regional State. The people of southern Tigray– Raya, Enderta,Tembien and Agame have lived in harmony with their brothers to the south namely– the Agews, Semien, Welkait, Gondar, and Wello, going back as far as 500 years and this clearly shows the shared culture and tradtion b/n these people, Tigray’s problem if you read history and from what you The unrest began after demands that the Welkait community, which was recently placed under the Tigray region, be returned to the Amhara region, Indian Express reported. Forces from the Amhara region took control of several areas in Tigray after backing federal troops that staged an incursion into its neighbor’s territory, said Gizachew Muluneh, a spokesman for… Some Amhara militias, from the state to the south of Tigray, have got involved in the fighting, perhaps seeing an opportunity to settle a long-running border dispute with their Tigrayan neighbours. Gondar was incorporated with Amhara Federal State and was buffered from international boundaries with neither Sudan nor Eritrea. Concerned Amhara started this petition to International Criminal Court. The long-running dispute is over the appropriation of the Welkait Tegede region into the state of Tigray in 1995. Specifically, they assert that the TPLF should return the districts of Welkait, Humera, Tsegede and Tselemte (in Amharic, the last two are Tegede and Telemte) in West Tigray and North West Tigray Zones, as well as the Raya-Akobo area in South Tigray Zone. The U. In essence, Amhara was never involved in the original decision-making process, when TPLF and its junior Oromo partners carved up Ethiopia. It was in 1979 when TPLF entered Wolkait-Tegede and declared the land as part of its newly coming “Greater Republic of Tigray,” Amhara critics argue. Recently, a Tigrayan youth movement called Fenkil has organised protests in Tigray, including around Welkait woreda. After he was appointed Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed promised to solve the question democratically. Wolkayit is Amhara, period. Mulatu Gemechu, Deputy Chairman of the opposition Oromo Federali north by Eritrea, south by Gonder (Amhara region), and east by Tahtai Adiabo and west by Sudan (Figure 1). Amharas living in areas bordering Tigray Region claim the Welkait Woreda illegally annexed by the TPLF when it assumed power in 1991, for example. Unfortunately, Welkait, Tsegede, Humera and basically the whole of northern Gondar has been under the TPLF’s brutal repression for the last 36 years. The move is backed by by Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed and inside this year at the district of Amhara ethnicity-based undertaking took an excessive number of lives of Welkait and Qemant individuals likewise in Tigray area Raya Azebo people group ask To give a concrete example, the areas now referred to as Western Tigray and from which people of Tigrean origin have been displaced are called Welkait, Raya, Humera, Dansha and Mai Kadra, etc. But Wolqait is a massive source of wealth. It is one of the five administrative zones of Tigray regional state and it has four (4) districts (Setit Humera, Kafta Humera, Welkait and Tsegede) comprising of 81 kebeles with 77 rural kebeles (24, 25 and 28 kebeles from Kafta Humera, Tsegede and Welkait weredas, respectively) and 4 Tigray is the homeland of the Tigrayan, Irob and Kunama peoples. Tigray is the 6th largest by area, the 5th most populous, and the 5th most densely populated of the 9 Regional States. Now, through the military engagement, the regional borders are being redrawn. Many Welkait and Amhara opposition groups accuse the government of being dominated by Tigrayan politicians. Twenty five years ago, when the government led by the Tigray Liberation Front (TPLF) introduced a federal system of administration in the country based on language, the people of Welkait and Tegede, who are predominantly Amhara and speaks Amharic, have been forced to be administered under the Tigrai regional authority despite their strong objection. The TPLF manifesto, clearly defined who a Tigryan is, the land that the TPLF considers as Tigray, and the final destination of the TPLF. The Tigrean ethnic group, which makes up about 6 The Fano youth groups have long protested and used violence in the Amhara region. Two bore scars they said were from shootings. Amhara unrest . Tigray is the 5th largest by area, the 5th most populous, and the 5th most densely populated of the 10 Regional States. These territories used to be part of Amhara, until the political coalition known as the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) introduced a federal system and restructured the region, including those areas, into the Tigray region. ec/Bc6N4+ 7. The committee says Wolkait and others areas were taken out of Gondar’s control by the Tigrayan People’s Liberation Front in Meanwhile, up north under TPLF rule, territories that would otherwise could have been under Amhara and Oromo jurisdiction became part of Tigray due to the preponderance of Tigrinya speakers. Amhara nationalists have formed several committees ( አስመላሽ ኮሚቴ ) to facilitate the return of these “lost territories” to the Amhara state. The dispute between Amhara and Tigray is arguably the bitterest of these contests, fuelled in part by rising ethnic nationalism in both regions. @SecBlinken speech about the Amhara militia was incredible. The following comprises some important contents of the manifesto. They were forced to relinquish authority in 1991 after a Tigray Peoples Meaning, Wolqait is the lifeline of Tigray. The As one commentator puts it, the Welkait crisis is ‘a reflection of the emergence of the Amhara as a politically conscious force, the flashpoint for the Amhara version of national awakening’. The Amharas and Tigrayans had previously lived peacefully side by side The Amhara, one of Ethiopia’s two biggest ethnic groups, claim the disputed territory falls under their jurisdiction. – The Amhara Association of America (AAA) announces its support for a newly introduced, bipartisan Senate resolution on the ongoing Tigray Conflict. Secretary of State, Antony J. Many Amharas believe that the Welkait area, which was historically part of the former Begemider or Gonder province, is an ancestral Amhara territory. As Tigray and Amhara fights, the rest of them run away from the fight site and establish their own. The illegal occupation and overzealous territorial claims have created concerns and unease among ordinary peoples and have instigated the war of words among senior PP officials. Tigray is the homeland of the Tigrayan, Irob and Kunama peoples. @UN @EU_Commission #AmharaOutOfTigray https://ctt. The We the people of welkait-Tegede speak both Amharic as our first language and Tegrenga and some who lives at the border of Sudan and Ethiopia speaks Arabic. Before November 2020, in Tigray only few fatal clashes had been recorded, largely between Tigray region police and the residents of disputed areas with the bordering Amhara region such as Welkait and Raya, or between Ethiopian troops and Eritrean forces or (then)Eritrea-based Ethiopian armed opposition groups. But, it’s unlikely that the Amhara regional government will give the areas back to Tigray. Wolqait is a district in Tigray regional state following the ethnic-linguistic federal re-organization of the country in the 1990s. Regardless of the legitimacy of both sides’ claims, plenty of Tigrayans resent the new reality. Many Welkait and Amhara opposition groups accuse the government of being dominated by Tigrayan politicians. Its capital and largest city is Mekelle. The Amhara claim that the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), both then and now Tigray’s ruling party, began to occupy some of their lands during its campaign to depose the Derg. Tigray is also known as Region 1 according to the federal constitution. The Amhara, one of Ethiopia’s two biggest ethnic groups, claim the disputed territory falls under their jurisdiction. Lake Tana Sites by causes of displacement I Conflict 7 Climate induced IDPs in assessed woredas 47 - 500 501 - 2,500 2,501 The TPLF manifesto, clearly defined who a Tigryan is, the land that the TPLF considers as Tigray, and the final destination of the TPLF. Abiy claimed victory in Tigray in late November after Ethiopian troops took Mekele, but TPLF leaders remain on the US calls for immediate withdrawal of Eritrean, Amhara regional forces from Tigray amid humanitarian crisis. The Amhara regional state and the Amhara elite are in this war for mainly two reasons: The first entails what they call a territorial claim to areas in the Western and Southern Tigray, namely The Welkait committee is demanding the reversal of the 1991 decision to place Welkait, Telemt and Tsegede in the Tigray Region, said committee leader Colonel Demeke Zewdu, in an interview with VOA Currently, the three districts are under the Tigray Regional State. A 10th state was established last year. Amhara Association of America Statement on the Situation in Welkait, Raya, and the Tigray Region. Tigray's official language is Tigrinya. ” Tirfe continued: “As an Amhara born in Welkait with relatives still in the area, this unfortunate but predictable war between the TPLF and Ethiopia is a deeply personal issue. The people of Irob, Kunama, or Raya, for instance, with a distinct minority culture, or Amhara speaking people of Welkait, should have the right to pursue such a process within the bounds of law, if The Welkait ethnic group live between the Amhara and Tigray regions. Anti-government Members of the Welkait Tegede community are demanding their lands be administered by the Amhara region, instead of the Tigray state. For example, the Amhara claims on the Tigrayan lands of Welkait and Raya are as much Isaias’s as they are Amhara’s. The Ethiopian Human Rights Commission accused a Tigrayan youth group called Samri on Tuesday of Reuters interviewed 42 Tigrayans who described attacks, looting and threats by Amhara gunmen. “The onus to prevent further atrocities and human suffering falls squarely on the Ethiopian government’s Earlier this week, Tigrayan officials accused Amhara forces of kicking thousands of people off land in western Tigray — a part of the region that ethnic Amharas claim rightfully belongs to them. We will also advocate for updates to the text to make sure it reflects the latest developments on the ground regarding increased access to Tigray. Food and livestock markets are more likely to be closed in Tigray, with 57% reporting that their food market is closed and 58% that their livestock market is closed. ” Girls and women are forced into sexual slavery and taken into northern Amhara region as “comfort women. The invasion is supported by mechanized divisions as well as the air power of the two countries. C. While Tigray was administered as one unit with a province called “Eritrea”. S. AMHARA SNNPR TIGRAY GAMBELLA BE NSHA GUL MZ DIRE DAWA ADDIS ABABA Note: The newly created woredas boundaries in this region are not available in our Geodatabase; hence their figures are combined with their mother woredas. It is not right. Washington [US], February 28 (ANI): The United States is concerned over the reports of humanitarian crisis in the Tigray region of Ethiopia, said Secretary of State Antony Blinken while calling for immediate withdrawal of Eritrean forces and Amhara regional forces from Tigray. Wikipedia Tigray, however, was home to only 7 percent of the then Ethiopian population and the province covered only one-seventeenth of the country’s land mass. – The Amhara Association of America (AAA) issued the following statement in response to several recent reports on the war in Ethiopia’s Tigray Region and Secretary of State Antony Blinken’s February 27, 2021 call for the “immediate withdrawal of Eritrean forces and Amhara regional forces from Tigray” as “essential first steps A February 26, 2021 New York Times article claims that “an internal U. Western Tigray is a reference to the woredas (districts) of Welkait, Kafta Humera, Tegede, and Telemet, which Amharas refer to collectively as Welkait. Evicting the Amhara people from their fertile and strategic ancestral lands has been a non-stop phenomenon since TPLF took power in 1991. 131,590 IDPs 39 sites . The Amhara argue that before 1991, the old provinces of Gondar and Wollo, now mostly part It said a group of youths informally known as Samri targeted ethnic Amhara and Welkait men, "beating them with sticks, stabbing them with knives, machetes and hatchets and strangling them with ropes. Located in Mi'irabawi Zone in Tigray Region, this woreda is bordered to the north by Kafta Humera and to the south by Tsegede; these are the other two woredas of Mi'irabawi Zone in Tigray. There are more. WASHINGTON, D. The Tigrigna speaking group in Eritrea is named after its language, not after its region. Wolqait is a source of wealth for Tigray. An internal conflict in Ethiopia is being used to settle a long-standing territorial dispute between two of its northern states. Bordered on the south by Ofla, on the west by the Amhara Region, on the north by Alaje, and on the east by Raya Azebo. It is also no accident that an active war is being waged between Amhara (supported by the army) and Tigray special forces and militia along with the Welkait-Tegede districts. Tigray Welkait Kafta Humera Tselemti Ofla T/Adiyabo Samre Tsegede Erob Enderta Atsbi Enticho Wurko The forces from the Amhara region of Ethiopia have capitalized on the internal warfare between Tigray and the federal troops to take control That is mainly in reference to the four Woredas(districts) that were part of the former Gondar province, now part of western Tigray. Welkait, Tsegede and Raya is not an election issue it is a survival issue a land grab issue. As many Amhara see it, when the federation took shape in the early 1990s, the TPLF annexed the Welkait area in what is now West Tigray Zone and the Raya area in South Tigray Zone. Amhara forces now control Welkait, Tegede, Humera, Raya-Alamata, and other areas. After he was appointed Prime Minister, Abiy Ahmed promised to solve the question democratically. ” The Welkait question ignited the Amhara protest movement in 2016. Amhara leaders believe that the TPLF annexed those territories in the early 1990s and then encouraged Tigrayans to move in, altering their demographic makeup. Map 2: This is another Italian map drawn The Guardian of 27 December 2017 tells us how the TPLF sent its security men into the city of Gondar to kill Colonel Demeke Zewdie, the leader of Welkait Amhara. The Oromo, Ethiopia’s largest ethnic group, drove the protests with their complaints of political and economic marginalisation, but the Amhara, the second largest, also participated, airing similar The Amhara special forces and the Fano attacked Tigrayan dominated towns, destroying private and public properties and forcibly expelling civilians from the region in a brutal process that is identified as “ethnic cleansing. However, the Ethnic Tigray regime are using this US tax payer money to displace millions of the Amhara people from their ancestor land of Welkait, Tsegede, Tselemt, Setit,Tach Armachiho, Raya, Qobo and Metekel to hand over their land to Tigray ethnic members and Saudi Agricultural development PLC which is owned by Mohammed al-Amoudi. The militia is under the general command of the ENFD #UnityForEthiopia @UN Click to Tweet Over one-third (36. A 10th state was established last year. People questioning whether Welkait should be in Tigray or rather part of Amhara Region were incarcerated, tortured or killed. Radical Amhara said Welkait belongs to Amhara, yet when 20,000 Tigreans were deported from Gonder alone, most of the deportees were from Welkait. 91,046 IDPs (20,530 households) were found in Tigray re-gion, 6,453 IDPs (3,533 households) in Amhara region and 34,091 IDPs (6,320 households) in Afar region. 1 The Amhara argue that before 1991, the old provinces of Gondar and Wollo, now mostly part of Amhara, Both Tigrayans and Amhara have lived in Welkait peacefully for hundreds of years before the TPLF annexed the land in 1991 and made it part of “Western Tigray. Despite lack of historic evidence of the region ever being part of Tigray over the millennia, the region was annexed to Tigray based on the pretext that the residents spoke Tigrigna. Currently, the three districts are under the Tigray Regional State. and they were part of provinces called Wello and Bagemeder. Under the late Prime Minister, Meles Zenawi, the TPLF transferred thousands of Tigray settlers to the annexed Amhara land in an attempt to change the demographic make-up of the region. Welkait is a woreda and region in northwestern Ethiopia. Ethiopia’s government-appointed human rights commission has accused a youth group in the rebellious Tigray region of carrying out “an atrocious massacre” of hundreds of civilians, aided by Since 8 November, the ENDF has launched an offensive from Amhara into western Tigray, with the government claiming to have retaken Dansha and Shire. Ethiopia, Africa’s second most populous country, is undergoing a volatile transition that began in 2015 with widespread anti-government unrest. It also called for the Ethiopian The Amhara forces joined the war from the south and western Tigray. a) A Tigryan is defined as anybody that speaks the language of Tigrigna including those who live outside Tigray, the Kunamas, the Sahos, the Afar and the Taltal, the Agew, and the Welkait. After the TPLF lost its hegemonic position in Addis Ababa in 2015—where it had dominated Ethiopia’s ruling coalition for decades—it relocated political and bureaucratic personnel to Mekele. Addis Ababa is just a continuation of the regimes genocide on Amhara people. The Welkite Identity restoration movement. Tigray Eritrea Sudan W. They are killing and harassing people into fleeing to inner #Tigray. The region mostly known as just Welkait-Tsegede lies east of Sudan and West of the Tekeze River, which forms the historic western-most border of Tigray. Therefore, Tigray essentially became a unitary state since 1991, imposing the Tigrigna language on Amhara, Oromo, Kunama and other communities. The TPLF manifesto, clearly defined who a Tigryan is, the land that the TPLF considers as Tigray, and the final destination of the TPLF. Its capital and largest city is Mekelle. Re: Welkait Tsegede part of historical Tigray or Gonder? let the maps talk Post a reply Postby Dejach Aklilu » 26 Oct 2013, 12:38. The U. It is bordered on the east by the North West Zone; the woredas of Tahtay Adiyabo and Asgede Tsimbla lie to the north-east, on the other side of the Tekezé River, and Tselemti is to the east. and they were part of provinces called Wello and Bagemeder. The TPLF’s waning fortunes have not only fuelled Tigray anger at Abiy’s government but also energised long-held Amhara claims over two territories, Welkait and Raya, in Tigray region. Amhara nationalists have formed several committees (አስመላሽ ኮሚቴ) to facilitate the return of these “lost territories” to the Amhara state. It should be noted that access and insecurity were considerable challenges for this round. The long-running dispute is over the appropriation of the Welkait Tegede region into the state of Tigray in 1995. People are fleeing from Tigray to Sudan. A spokesman for the Amhara regional government said on Tuesday that the territory had originally been integrated with Tigray by force "and now has been returned by force. Amhara Association of America Statement on the Situation in Welkait, Raya, and the Tigray Region Posted on March 2, 2021 March 2, 2021 Author Seber 2020 ©Seberzena | Seberzena by habeshawi . Tigray S. Forces from the Amhara region took control of several areas in Tigray after backing federal troops that staged an incursion into its neighbor’s territory, said Gizachew Muluneh, a spokesman for The Amhara nationalists have been projecting claims over territories drawn into the Tigray state in the 1990s. The Amhara hope is not the unity of Ethiopia and has a voice in every ethnics but to convert all ethnics to Amharic language and Ethiopia become Amhara Ethiopia. The Tigray is the origin of almost everything held dear by the Amhara national narrative for Ethiopia: 3,000 years of uninterrupted statehood, the Axumite and pre-Aksumite civilizations, the Ethiopic (Ge’ez) script, the entry point for both Christianity and Islam, the religious music of St. They were forced to relinquish authority in 1991 after a Tigray Peoples Liberation Front-led alliance seized control of the country and reconfigured it into nine semi-autonomous states. Wolkait is an administrative district in Tigray that borders Amhara. S. They were forced to relinquish authority in 1991 after a Tigray Peoples Liberation Front-led alliance seized control of the country and reconfigured it into nine semi-autonomous states. Menlik took Welkait one of the 2 only 2 fertile land from Tigray and gave it to Gonder, he divided the Tigray people and gave half of its population to the fashist Italian colonialist in a silver The Guardian of 27 December 2017 [viii] tells us how the TPLF sent its security men into the city of Gondar to kill Colonel Demeke Zewdie, the leader of Welkait Amhara. Members of the Welkait-Tegede community, who identify themselves as ethnic Amhara people, are demanding their lands be administered by the Amhara region, instead of the Tigray state. She called on Eritrean forces and Amhara militiamen in Tigray to leave the region. Specifically, they assert that the TPLF should return the districts of Welkait, Humera, Tsegede and Tselemte (in Am- The Welkait question ignited the Amhara protest movement in 2016. 1%), followed by SNNPR (36. Members of a group known as the Welkait committee also identify as ethnic Amhara and want to be part of the Amhara Region Reports showed that during the last 25 years the ruling TPLF regime and its cohorts have committed various gruesome human rights violations against members of the Amara (Amhara) ethnic group in Ethiopia (5, 7-8). The ruling TPLF party has been and continues to commit ethnic cleansing of the As if the pandemic is not enough, the war in Tigray reached both its climax and lowest point in November of 2020. Appearing before Congress on Wednesday, Blinken said “acts of ethnic cleansing” had been committed in western Tigray, calling for them to “stop The native Amhara inhabitants have been forced to change their Amhara identity to Tigray identity; those who, in defiance, expressed their Amhara identity were killed, maimed, jailed or were forced to disappear without a trace. government to issue a temporary travel ban on Gondar. The language of the Amhara is known as Amharic and belongs to the Semitic language family. Amhara territories bordering “Tigray” such as Kafta Humera, Welkait-Tegede, and Telemit from Gondar province and Ende-Mahari, Settlements similar to or like Welkait Woreda and region in northwestern Ethiopia, in a disputed part of Ethiopia between the West Zone of Tigray Region and the Amhara Region. The The Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF) annexed the Wolkait-Tegede area into the historical Tigray region in 1991, according to many in the Amhara community. The Amharic-speaking population of Waja, Tigray’s southernmost town, has repeatedly blocked the main road connecting central Tigray with the rest of Ethiopia. The Western Zone is one of the five administrative zones in the Tigray Regional State and has three districts, namely, Welkait, Tsegede, and Humera with distance range of 580– President Obama knew before he picked up the phone on Thursday afternoon what Susan E. But at the local market, during birthday, weddings, funeral and other holidays we use Amharic. "The western Tigray zone is occupied by the Amhara militias and special forces, and they are forcing the people to leave their homes," Mulu Nega, head of Tigray's government-appointed administration, told Reuters in Tigray's capital Mekelle. Despite lack of historic evidence of the region ever being part of Tigray over the millennia, the region was annexed to Tigray based on the pretext that the residents spoke Tigrigna. Regarding the peace and stability in Tigray, the spokesperson said the recent visit of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed to Mekelle after the end of the law enforcement operation in Tigray Regional State shows that the region is Ethiopia Breaking - Determining Day is Coming Dr. Given the mounting evidence so far, if you still believe that the war started suddenly on November 4 th due to TPLF’s alleged attack on the Northern Command, I still have a Weakening, impoverishing and possibly eliminating Tigray and Tigrayans is therefore their common agenda. Two important points wittingly or otherwise left or understated in the international media leave Tigray and Tigrayans in double jeopardy. 36%) of the studies were conducted in the Tigray region. 28, 2020, Ethiopia’s military took control of Mekele, the capital of Tigray region, after a monthlong fight with the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF). The Wolqait issue. Western Tigray is The submit Amhara Affiliation of America Assertion on the State of affairs in Welkait, Raya, and the Tigray Area has the Authorized Rights of Ethio level seber zena Newest Ethiopian Information Supplier. Welkait was then split into two parts once ethnic federalism was established in Ethiopia. The altitude ranges from 560 to 2800 meters above sea level. ec/Bc6N4+ 7. Tigray's official language is Tigrinya. The unrest in Amhara, however, was instigated following the attempted arrest of a member of the Welkait Amhara Identity Committee, a group that seeks for Welkait district to be governed by Amhara state (with whom they closely identify) rather than Tigray state. In late 1980’s when TPLF took control of the majority of Tigray, Amharas of Welkait Tegede were Tigray is a region in Ethiopia and the Tegaru is the people who inhabit the region. The TPLF led government has forcefully annexed historical Amhara lands of Wolkite, Tegede, Humera, Tselemete and Raya-Azebo to Tigray. In Welkait’s case, this includes initiating healing dialogue among Amhara and Tigrayan groups, establishing efforts to integrate the cities’ education, currently only taught in Tigrigna, and Members of the Welkait-Tegede community, who identify themselves as ethnic Amhara people, are demanding their lands be administered by the Amhara region, instead of the Tigray state. Wolqait is a source of wealth for Tigray. Tigray is also known as Region 1 according to the federal constitution. After #TPLF was defeated it went back to its region. Zehabesha Special - Wolqayt-Tsegede | TPLF | Tigray | Amhara We’re here for one reason to provide fair and unbiased information to the community and is comm Tigray is the homeland of the Tigrayan, Irob and Kunama peoples. The protests come after unrest in the region after demands that the Welkait community, which was recently placed under the Tigray region, be returned to Amhara. " The areas include the Welkait, Tegede, Humera, Telemte and Raya districts, he said. Rice, his ambassador to the United Nations, was calling about: she wanted to take herself out of the running for secretary of state and spare him a fight. They want these lands returned. Addis Abeba, February 28/2021- In his first official statement since becoming the U. The contested areas around Humera, Welkait, Tsegede, and Raya are already subsumed into the Amhara regional state’s territory. Tigray C. ” And “scientifically and politically,” Welkait belongs to Tigray, and Amhara has no “mandate” to speak about Welkait. The unrest was first sparked on November 2015 by a plan to expand the capital, known as Addis Ababa Master Plan into Oromia special zone. During the formation of the new administrative borders, TPLF rewarded itself Welkait and Raya; while rewarding Oromo nationalists most of the former Shewa province to weaken Amhara. He was saved by the people of Gondar who managed to stop the assassination, and the assassins themselves were killed in the shootout. The militia was in Tigray at the climax of the war. It covers an area of 1. C. It is a paradoxical war and a savage one at that. The demonstrations and ensuing violence led the U. “Ethiopia’s Amhara Seizes Disputed Territory Amid Tigray War”. The Welkait committee says community members identify themselves as ethnic Amharas and say they no longer want to be ruled by Tigrayans. 2016). a) A Tigryan is defined as anybody that speaks the language of Tigrigna including those who live outside Tigray, the Kunamas, the Sahos, the Afar and the Taltal, the Agew, and the Welkait. Tigray is the 5th largest by area, the 5th most populous, and the 5th most densely populated of the 10 Regional States. A higher percent in Tigray (63% compared to 9% in Amhara) also say they have witnessed violence in the past two weeks, and that they do not feel safe in their homes. The 1976 TPLF Manifesto TPLF’s “Republic of Greater Tigray” T he Tigray People Liberation Front, TPLF had published their organization’s manifesto in February 1976, the booklet was printed in Sudan. Yes, it is a 19 years old issue and it has lost steam after its peak in 2005, when CUD(Kinijit) used it in a bid to inflame the Amhara people and also to create disillusionment on the Tigrayans themselves and other ethnic groups. “Ethiopia’s Amhara Seizes Disputed Territory Amid Tigray War”. The Amhara landing grabbing Elites are trying to annex lands belonging to #Tigray. – The Amhara Association of America (AAA) issued the following statement in response to several recent reports on the war in Ethiopia’s Tigray Region and Secretary of State Antony Blinken’s February 27, 2021 call for the “immediate withdrawal of Eritrean forces and Amhara regional forces from Tigray” as “essential first steps” to Therefore, for Tigray, Wolqait is the bridge for international communication. urged the immediate withdrawal from Tigray of troops from the neighboring country of Eritrea and from Amhara, the Ethiopian region bordering Tigray. Many Amharas believe that the Welkait area, which was historically part of the former Begemider or Gonder province, is an ancestral Amhara territory. Supporting the ENDF, Amhara militias are likely to have secured disputed border areas of Welkait, Tsegede, and Raya, including key towns and major roads. As many Amhara see it, when the federation took shape in the early 1990s, the TPLF annexed the Welkait area in what is now West Tigray Zone and the Raya area in South Tigray Zone. In videos shared on social media, the demonstrators were seen carrying signs that read: “Stop mass killing of Amhara people” and “Restore the historic sites in Tigray, Amhara and Afar regions. Both Tigrayans and Amhara have lived in Welkait peacefully for hundreds of years before the TPLF annexed the land in 1991 and made it part of “Western Tigray. [ March 17, 2021 ] Ethiopia’s Amhara Seizes Disputed Territory Amid Tigray War Africa [ March 17, 2021 ] Somaliland President receives credentials of Director of UAE Trade office in Somaliland World [ March 16, 2021 ] Artiist Haacaaluu Hundeessaa badhaasa ‘Grammy’ irratti ogeeyyii lubbuun darban waliin yaadatame Musics It will also put to rest many territorial disputes including the ones over Welkait, Humera, Tsegede, Tselemte, and Raya, in which the Amhara and Tigray regional states are pitted against each TPLF should return the districts of Welkait, Humera, Tsegede and Tselemte (in Am-haric, the last two are Tegede and Telemte) in West Tigray and North West Tigray Zones, as well as the Raya-Akobo area in South Tigray Zone. KEY FINDINGS . According to the Doctoral Candidate, the initial event that triggered the demonstrations was the project to integrate Wolqayt, a district of the Tigray region, into the Amhara region. ). Other candidates for Amhara zones include small parts of Hawassa, Assosa and Dire Dawa which contain about 100,000 Amhara residents each. Amhara Association of America Statement on the Situation in Welkait, Raya, and the Tigray Region March 2, 2021. Most notably, with the Gondar crisis, the narrow and parochial Oromo protests gained momentum and went national, posing a formidable challenge to the political centre. WASHINGTON, D. C. In February 2019, he publicly resigned from his duties with the TPLF to join the Amhara branch of the PP. The new administration itself is now demanding a return to the status quo ante. TPLF's tight grip on EPRDF and Ethiopia At the root of the recent demonstrations in Amhara is a request by representatives from the Welkait Amhara Identity Committee that their land, which is currently administered by the Tigray The Welkait ethnic group live between the Amhara and Tigray regions. Tigray is the homeland of the Tigrayan, Irob and Kunama peoples. For nearly a fortnight there was a communication blackout The region mostly known as just Welkait-Tsegede lies east of Sudan and West of the Tekeze River, which forms the historic western-most border of Tigray. The Amhara usually do not pay much attention to the extent of wealth in Wolqait, as they focus on Addis Ababa. Several books and reports document the mass killings and atrocities against the Amhara in this annexed western region both before annexation and in the decades after annexation into Tigray. He accused Amhara of exploiting Tigray's weakness to annex territory. C. S. @UN @EU_Commission #AmharaOutOfTigray https://ctt. Tigray is also known as Region 1 according to the federal constitution. Tigray E. The native Amhara inhabitants have been The TPLF’s waning fortunes have not only fuelled Tigray anger at Abiy’s government but also energised long-held Amhara claims over two territories, Welkait and Raya, in Tigray region. Let Wolkayit be immediately part of Amharaland. Tigray is the 5th largest by area, the 5th most populous, and the 5th most densely populated of the 10 Regional States. Loading . That is mainly in reference to the four Woredas (districts) that were part of the former Gondar province, now part of western Tigray. The presence of the ethnic Raya minority, who live along the border between Tigray and Amhara and have maintained their distinctive identity, is One of the woredas in the Tigray Region of Ethiopia. The full text of the resolution can be read here. Tigray's official language is Tigrinya. The issue of the Welkite Amharas has managed to get some attention due to the current massive unrest in Gondar and Bahir Dar. Before the conflict, the Tigray region under TPLF rule was edging toward de facto independence. Its capital and largest city is Mekelle. Tigray's official language is Tigrinya. 5 million hectare with Kafta Though the large-scale July 31 incident in Gonder marked the first major confrontation between Amhara protest leaders and the Ethiopian government, the dispute between the Amharas and the regime can be traced back as far as the early 1990s, when the Tigrayan-dominated regime redrew the district boundaries of the Welkait community that belonged At the root of the recent demonstrations is a request by representatives from the Welkait community – known as the Welkait Amhara Identity Committee – that their land, which is currently administered by the Tigray regional state, be moved into neighbouring Amhara region. The To give a concrete example, the areas now referred to as Western Tigray and from which people of Tigrean origin have been displaced are called Welkait, Raya, Humera, Dansha and Mai Kadra, etc. Welkait Welkait is a woreda and region in northwestern Ethiopia, part of the West Zone of Tigray Region. The violent demonstrations led the U. S. The following comprises some important contents of the manifesto. It is a war that saw the realization of the objectives of the Eritrean dictator and the inflation of the Amhara’s ethnic ego. Its capital and largest city is Mekelle. Now, through the military engagement, the regional borders are being redrawn. Amnesty International indicates that Wolqait is an administration district in Tigray Region that was formerly part of Amhara Region prior to 1991, . “The western Tigray zone is occupied by the Amhara militias and special forces, and they are forcing the people to leave their homes,” Mulu Nega, head of Tigray’s government-appointed administration, told Reuters in Tigray’s capital Mekelle. The Amhara AssociationMarch 2, 2021 WASHINGTON, D. ” Eritrean Refugees “Shot” European anthropologist Natalia Paszkiewicz reported the plight of Eritrean refugees since TPLF trigged the war and a massive humanitarian crisis. ” Western Tigray is a reference to the woredas (districts) of Welkait, Kafta Humera, Tegede, and Telemet, which Amharas refer to collectively as Welkait. However, Western and Southern Tigray are no longer under the jurisdiction of this new administration. Somali always are Somali the southern are a little beat tricky. However, some claim the Tigrayans are settlers, while demonstrations of the Amhara emerged in reaction to the regime’s illegal and forced annexation of historical Amhara lands to Tigray region (Welkait, Tegede, Setit Humera, Tselemte, and Raya Azebo), the continuing systematic repression and marginalization of our people, and the continuing Welkait Kafta Humera Tsegede Tselemti Ofla Tahtay Adiyabo Enderta Erob Alaje Asgede Tsimbila Hintalo Wejirat Adwa Werei Leke Mereb Leke Kola Temben Hawzen Tsore Tongo Hitsats Bambasi Mai Aini Shimelba Sherkole Adi Harush Gure-Shombola Azaza Shuwak Sennar Rufa'ah El Suki El Kamlin El Qallabat El Hasahisa Doka AMHARA TIGRAY BENESHANGUL GUMU Humera, Kafta Humera, Welkait and Tsegede) comprising of 81 kebeles with 77 rural kebeles (24, 25 and 28 kebeles from Kafta Humera, Tsegede and Welkait weredas, respectively) and 4 urban kebeles with distance range of 580–750 km from Mekelle, the capital city of Tigray. <i>Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi</i> with a prevalence of 58 (56. Local media report that the Welkait community, a group administered by the far north Tigray region had requested since a year ago to be realigned politically with the neighbouring Amhara region. 22 February 2021 22 February 2021 mekete Leave a Comment on List of facilities, industries, buildings, cultural heritages, and infrastructures destroyed, looted, burned, or damaged by Ethiopian Army, Eritrean troops and Amhara forces in the war on Tigray Before November 2020, in Tigray only few fatal clashes had been recorded, largely between Tigray region police and the residents of disputed areas with the bordering Amhara region such as Welkait and Raya, or between Ethiopian troops and Eritrean forces or (then)Eritrea-based Ethiopian armed opposition groups. The Amhara, one of Ethiopia’s two biggest ethnic groups, claim the disputed territory falls under their jurisdiction. Members of a group known as the Welkait committee also identify as ethnic Amhara and want to be part of the Amhara Region administration. The Amhara usually do not pay much attention to the extent of wealth in Wolqait, as they focus on Addis Ababa. Why it fails to follow its own policy ? Hypocrisy of the highest degree. The National Movement of Amhara “has interest” in running for election in “disputed” territories seems to suggest that the land forcibly incorporated to Tigray is an election issue. Its capital and largest city is Mekelle. Welkait is an area in which an active crime is being carried out on the native Amharas in broad day light. Amhara leaders believe that the TPLF annexed those territories in the early 1990s and then encouraged Tigrayans to move in, altering their demographic makeup. Welkait is a woreda and region in northwestern Ethiopia, part of the West Zone of Tigray Region. Tigray region alleges bombings in Ethiopia’s ‘unexpected war’ Authorities in Tigray say jets bombed locations around capital after country’s deputy army chief said Ethiopia ‘entered into Amhara officials, however, say those parts of Tigray rightfully belong to them. Yes, it is a 19 years old issue and it has lost steam after its peak in 2005, when CUD (Kinijit) used it in a bid to inflame the Amhara people and also to create disillusionment on the Tigrayans themselves and other ethnic groups. 4%), and the lowest prevalence was reported from a study done in Tigray region (2. government to issue a temporary travel ban to Gondar. The territorial dispute also highlights the divergent goals of the ongoing military campaign. amhara tigray welkait kafta humera tsegede tselemti tahtay adiyabo asgede tsimbila adwa al butanah wasat al gedaref al fashaga basundah al qureisha gala'a al nahal galabat ash-shargiah al mafaza ar rahad al galabat al gharbyah - kassab al fao madeinat al gedaref hitsats mai aini shimelba adi harush reifi khashm elgirba reifi aroma reifi telkok A cross-sectional study was carried out from November 2016 to May 2017 to identify the major ectoparasites species and potential risk factors in Welkait district western part of Tigray region. The highest proportion of leishmaniasis was reported from a study done in Amhara region (39. Tigray is the homeland of the Tigrayan, Irob and Kunama peoples. It is one of the five administrative zones of Tigray regional state and it has four (4) districts (Setit Humera, Kafta Humera, Welkait and Tsegede) comprising of 81 kebeles with 77 rural kebeles (24, 25 and 28 kebeles from Kafta Humera, Tsegede and Welkait weredas, respectively) and 4 Map – Tigray region and North Gondar, Amhara region. 3%) [22–24] (Table 1). Amhara, Tigrayan, Welkait and other ethnic groups coexisted peacefully. At the root of the recent demonstrations in Amhara is a request by representatives from the Welkait Amhara Identity Committee that their land, which is currently administered by the Tigray Amhara state consists most of the areas in the previous Gondar province, Gojam province, Wello province, Shewa province as well as some areas of Tigray province. A total of 102 sheep and 324 goats were physically examined and samples were taken for laboratory analysis. By Daniel Berhane on Sunday, June 5, 2011 @ 5:38 am. But Wolqait is a massive source of wealth. • Ethiopia •Is Welkait Tigre? If not, how did the people speak Tigrigna? Three Welkait leaders speak SUBSCRIBE: https://goo. Blinken said “the immediate withdrawal of Eritrean forces and Amhara regional forces from Tigray” are essential first steps to end “reported atrocities and the overall deteriorating situation in the Tigray region of "The western Tigray zone is occupied by the Amhara militias and special forces, and they are forcing the people to leave their homes," Mulu Nega, head of Tigray's government-appointed administration, told Reuters in Tigray's capital Mekelle. The Welkait accuse The TPLF led government has also forcefully annexed the Welkait and Raya area of Amhara land to the Tigray Region. Embassy in Ethiopia issued the temporary travel restriction warning its The Ethiopian government has since stated that SAF entered the area in early November, killing and displacing numerous Amhara farmers, taking advantage of the war in Tigray (Bloomberg, 6 January 2021). The population data of the time shows the majority of the residents as Tigrayans. If we include Welkait and other parts of Tigray where a large population of native Amharic speakers live, it is possible to have over a dozen major Amhara zones outside Amhara state. People are fleeing from Tigray to Sudan. These are places that Amhara irredentists sought to retake from the Tigray state over the last couple of decades. Wikipedia 7 Acc-7 Shamba berbereAdi Welkait Tigray 39 Acc-9099 Amestya Mirab Gojam Amhara 8 Acc-8 Berebere korir Kilte Awulalo Tigray 40 Acc-9082 Meacha Mirab Gojam Amhara 9 Acc-9 Berebere Tsalaiet Kola Temben Tigray 41 Acc-9101 Achefer Mirab Gojam Amhara The most talked about news item in the Feteh Magazine! | TPLF | Welkait Tegede | Tigray | Amhara Post on social media Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Google Plus The men are members of the Welkait Committee, which believes the Welkait district should be returned to Amhara control from its current status, joined with the neighbouring Tigray region. If Wolkait and Raya do not return, Tigray may not continue with Ethiopia | Amhara | Welkait | Ethiopia A large part of my Ethiopian family, originally from the Welkait and Gondar regions of the country, lives in Humera, a border town in Tigray. The Welkait region was under Gonder province until it was handed over to Tigray State in 1991 by the current EPRDF government. covered The Committee is composed of people, who advance the voice of Welkait people, who claim that they are members of the Amhara ethnic group, when the government and the Tigray Region Administration says they belong to Tigray region. These disputed pockets include Welkait-Tegede and parts of Raya. Tigray is also known as Region 1 according to the federal constitution. – The Amhara Association of America (AAA) issued the following statement in response to several recent reports on the war in Ethiopia’s Tigray Region and Secretary of State Antony Blinken’s February 27, 2021 call for the “immediate withdrawal of Eritrean Tigray now has boundary with Sudan and Eritrea—a new country since 1993. The presence of the ethnic Raya minority, who live along the border between The Amhara nationalists have been projecting claims over territories drawn into the Tigray state in the 1990s. They refer themselves as Tigrigna ethnic group, and hence outsiders should address them as such. Therefore, by denying Gondar international boundary with Eritrea, the Amhara Federal State is denied direct access with Eritrea. S. A 10th state was established last year WASHINGTON, D. Tigray is also known as Region 1 according to the federal constitution. In response to these claims, Khartoum has alleged that Ethiopian government-aligned forces moved through the disputed land to attack targets in Electricity has become available in Mekelle and surrounding towns as well as Metema, Humera and Welkait, it was stated. attempted to arrest the leader of the Wolqait [Wolqayt or Welkait] Identity and Self-Determination Committee for "alleged terrorism offenses" (Amnesty International 8 Aug. ” Eritrean Refugees “Shot” European anthropologist Natalia Paszkiewicz reported the plight of Eritrean refugees since TPLF trigged the war and a massive humanitarian crisis. Demonstrations began a fortnight ago but leaders of the Welkait community have been asking for the move for a year. welkait amhara or tigray